Excerpts from my speech regarding INDIA Redefined, given during a meet in Bangalore.
Who I am?
Hello, I am Anupriy. I am 21 years old and am studying it Srishti currently doing an Advance Diploma.
But that is just a name, age and qualification assigned to me.
To be safe and give a sure shot answer –
I am a human being in his youth trying to make sense of life and make it better, while trying to help others do the same.
How am I associated with IR?
Creatives and the development of its philosophy
I have been closely involved with INDIA Redefined, from conceptualization to discussion to execution. While I may have helped in development of its simple philosophy and objectives, my contribution lies in all the creatives – from it’s name, logo
Why ‘INDIA Redefined’
Why redefine India?
There was a time when patriotism, nationalism or love for one’s country meant ‘hatred towards another’. While pride for one’s nation may have been a positive feeling, this separation of one’s from the rest of humanity on basis of nationalistic man-made boundaries inherently gives rise to a sense of distrust, detachment and distance from others not belonging to the same country. INDIA Redefine tries to redefine patriotism in a humanitarian sense.
We are living in a modern time where globalization has led to fusion of different culture across the world. It is not surprising to see elements of western traits in our day to day living. Hence, it is important for our country to keep up with the global trend rather than sticking with tradition for the sake of maintaining identity in order to progress. By redefining India and what it means to be an Indian, one can constantly be open to new ideas, while respecting the old ideas and norms. INDIA Redefined tries to accentuate the fact that ‘India is what WE make of it’
The Logo here shown represents several dimensions of Indian Culture. Visually, it makes the shape of the Indian subcontinent – Kings have come and ruled, battles have been fought and won, cities have been built and rebuilt, borders have been shifted but the geographical shape of India never changed. Even from space, one can recognize India by seeing the shape of Indian peninsula in the Asian Continent. Thus, the peninsula is not only a beautiful landmass but an identity for India and its history. However progress and development goes hand in hand with ‘change’. Thus by not completing the outline of the country, the openness signifies free flow of ideas, possibilities and opportunities.
This Logo aesthetically amalgamates various Indian languages with the most widely used language in the world, English. The “र“ part of the symbol corresponds to the letter ‘R’ in English and also appears in Hindi, Gujarati, Assamese etc emphasizing on the ‘REDEFINING’. The Logo can be written quickly and easily in a single stroke. Thus the symbol also represents the multilingual and diverse nature of India.
The text style “INDIA Redefined” also accentuates the meaning of the logo. While “INDIA” is written in bold & formal font, denoting our country’s standing through ages with its traditions and culture, “Redefined” is curvy and informal shows flexibility to change and readiness for progress.
What it means to be an Indian?
Growing up as an urban youth, I have been asked many times questions like ‘Are you proud of India?’ or ‘Do you know India enough?’ .
There is this trend and belief amongst many in senior generations that the today’s youth is more western than Indian.
I have been accused of it for enjoying listening to a German Rock band while sleeping off in a Indian classical music concert.
But is that a reason enough to be considered Indian… a true Indian?
Is India just its traditions, past and culture?
Granted, being aware and knowledgeable is important in many ways, but to let us not forget that we are no longer living in isolation. India is a part of Globe – It is just a segment to the world we live in.
I cannot speak for everyone, but I know that I, and many other youth like me – perhaps some sitting in the audience – think and act like global citizens.
We respect the traditions and the past and are proud to be the product of it, but in no way are we limited or restricted by it. Because we are not scared to lose are identity because we do not associate ourselves just with our heritage.
Perhaps because we know, that we will always be Indians – just redefining the definition constantly.
Is INDIA the final step?
In my view and experience, no –
The best part of the movement is that it has become so popular not just in India but in the world.
There has been talks in other countries to start ‘Pakistan Redefined, Bangladesh Redefined’
I won’t be surprised if we end up with an ‘Earth Redefined’!
INDIA Redefined incorporates all this – it is not beyond it’s scope and vision.
With India as it’s first step – being we always start closer to home -it will work towards the benefit of humanity.
FUTURE: IMAGINE DOING PHOTOSHOP OR PLAYING CRYSIS ON WEB BROWSER
We live in a world where the need of Internet is felt on a daily basis.
NEARLY almost everything is done through it. Emphasis on ‘NEARLY’
That is because, while the use of web browsers have drastically changed over the years, doing heavy computing work e.g. photo-editing, gaming (not the FLASH kind) etc. is still requires one to leave the browsers and use a computer application.
This is not to say that web browsers are under-developed. From what I have read, a lot of investment has been done on improving the engine and speed. Yet, the ‘native applications’ have a upper hand in two aspects –
- They come with some form of vector extension that allows multiple operations simultaneously.
- Presence of multi-core processors.
This will make it possible to stay on the browser for heaving computing work from photo-editing to perhaps 3D gaming.
This is really the key – Parallel implementation is everything. It is WAY better than serial implementation. Think of it like electric circuit where parallel arrangement of batteries always gives more output.
The other cool top ups are –
- It works with upcoming HTML 5
- It uses OpenCL as an intermediate language (so can work on any hardware and not just Intel)
- It plays with WebGL (which brings 3D visualizations on web browsers)
What does this mean in the future? Well, it definitely would not make ‘native applications’ obsolete but a complete new way of using browsers.
River Trail is already available on Firefox as an add-on. Let’s use it and see!
Read about it first on –
Further reads –
(Another Essay explaining the website functioning technically)
Ok. So now since we are already enlightened with the knowledge of ‘What is Internet and how it works?’ (I know it’s somewhere in back of your mind), I thought I would – for my own benefit – research and write about a prominent element associated with (and in) it – Website and talk about how it functions. Yes, its quite beautiful actually.
Website is the collection of inter-related web pages.
The web page is a text file which contains set of HTML tags that describe how the text should be formatted when a browser displays it on the screen. Using HTML, a web page may also display images, audio, or video. It may incorporate elements from other websites with suitable markup anchors.
The pages of a website can usually be accessed from a simple Uniform Resource Locator (URL) called the homepage. The URLs of the pages organize them into a hierarchy, although hyperlinking between them conveys the reader’s perceived site structure and guides the reader’s navigation of the site. Web pages are accessed and transported with the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), which may optionally employ encryption (HTTP Secure, HTTPS) to provide security and privacy for the user of the web page content.
The website needs to be hosted on at least one web server, which is accessible through the Internet and whose primary function is to deliver web pages on the request to clients. Web servers are able to map the path component of a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) into a local file system resource (for static requests) or an internal or external program name (for dynamic requests). That is to say, the client’s user agent will translate URL requested by the end-user into a connection to combination of host (www) and domain name (e.g. – google.org) with a HTTP 1.1 request. The web server on website (www.google.org) will append the given path to the path of its root directory giving the local file system resource. It will then read the file, if it exists and sends a response to the client’s Web browser. The response will describe the content of the file and contain the file itself or an error message will return saying that the file does not exist or is unavailable.
To enable users to access, retrieve and view documents and other resources on the Internet, a software application is used called web browser, which acts an interface and brings information resources to the user. The software component of the web browser that takes marked up content (such as HTML, XML, image files, etc.) and formatting information (such as CSS, XSL, etc.) and displays the formatted content on the screen is called web browsers engine (or layout engine). HTML is passed to the browser’s layout engine to be transformed from markup to an interactive document and display any kind of content that can be part of a web page. Nowadays, web browsers include additional components to support e-mail, or Internet Relay Chat (IRC). More and more applications are being developed, which sometimes through addition plug-ins in the browser can be accessed.
Summarizing, to develop a website, it is essential that several different components work together in order for the Web to be accessible to people. These components include:
- Content – it is the primal information in a Web page or Web application for which the user has accessed. This could be in form of –
- Text, images, videos and sounds.
- Code or markup language.
- Web browsers – software which acts as an interface.
- Web server – to host the website.
Plug-ins – a piece of software which enhances another software application and usually cannot be run independently.
Hope this helps. This is a short gist for basic TECHNICAL understanding. I mean there is always Wikipedia, but then how will I show, I know stuff if I do not write up. Wait for more!
Ok. On the face of it, it seems silly to even ask this. I am WE KNOW what Internet is. (“It’s this thing..this thing…umm..on my computer…that let’s me..facebook?”). OK fine. But how does it work. Come on. We must have all wondered about it sometimes. I am sure many know some bits of it. I was faced with this question by my mentor. Given the amount of hesitation and uncertainty I had in explaining it. I decided to read and write about it. So here it is –
The name is short form for internetworking. It’s a publicly accessible network for an interconnected computer networks which communicates by ‘packet switching’ communication method (transmits data in a sizable unit called ‘packets’) using Internet Protocol, a protocol standard meant for Internet, for routing across network boundaries.
Internet Protocol (IP) uses the Internet Protocol Suite which classifies the protocols into four hierarchical layers, each layer defining the scope and reach of the protocols as suggested in their name.
Lowest communication layer is the Link layer which consists of physical components that link up computers (LAN functions at this level). It is called link as, it provides the basic connectivity functions interacting with the networking hardware of the computer and the associated management of interface-to-interface messaging.
Next is the Internet layer provides a way of communication between multiple computers across network boundaries. This is the foundation of Internet, thus deriving its name. It uses IP-bases packets that get transported to the destination host specified by an IP address. This layer contains IP address, Internet Protocol Version 4 (IPv4) and Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) which is used to identify and locate hosts on the network. IP addresses consist of four numbers separated by dot where each number is called an octet.
Above it is the Transport layer which is responsible for delivering data to the appropriate application process on the host computers via a basic data channel. It does so by establishing a numbered logical construct called port which allocated specifically for each of the communication channels an application needs. The Internet and Transport Layer combined are referred to as TCP/IP which forms the communication protocol for the Internet.
The last and topmost layer is the Application layer, which contains all protocols and methods within the context of process -to-process communication across the IP network, handles application based interactions.
Internet carries a range of information and services such as the World Wide Web, the interlinked system of hypertext documents which can be viewed as a web page via a web browser. Web pages frequently subsume other resources such as style sheets, scripts and images into their final presentation and may be retrieved from a local computer or from a remote web server. It is formatted using Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML). All aesthetics and design aspects present on the page can provided by Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) instructions.
Internet works using the client-server architect, where machines in the network are categorized into clients (which has an application or system that sends request and accesses a service made available like web browser Google Chrome) and server (which has program running to serve the requests like web server Apache). The client initiates communication requesting for a specific resource using Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) to the server, which responds back with the content of the resources. It’s important to note that while server has a static IP address, client typically have IP address assigned by the Internet Service Provider for a particular session.
This is because as the numbers may be tedious to deal with, an IP address may also be assigned to a Host name (www), which is sometimes easier to remember. Hostnames may be looked up to find IP addresses, and vice-versa. Domain Name System (DNS) maintains the domain name hierarchy and provides translation services between it and the address spaces (an example being .com). In a domain name, each word and dot combination you add before a top-level domain indicates a level in the domain structure. It is the DNS that connect to each other across the Internet and cache lookup information to make name resolution more efficient.
To make the infrastructure and make the web easier to navigate, Web servers is able store a piece of text called Cookie on a client’s hard disk. Cookies allow a Web site to store information on a user’s machine and later retrieve it. The pieces of information are stored as name-value pairs. While they are not software and cannot be programmed, carry viruses, or install malware on the client, they can be used by spyware to track user’s browsing activities.
The popularity of internet has made it possible for various methods of communication between users on different network. One of most widely used one is Email, a method of exchanging digital messages from an author to one or more recipients, which uses a Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) for sending mail. Another one is File transfer, which is the transmitting of files over a computer network or the Internet and uses File Transfer Protocol (FTP). Another major development is Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), which is a range of technologies, methodologies, communication protocols, and transmission techniques for the delivery of voice communications and multimedia sessions.
A new type of networking called Peer-to-peer (P2P) has become popular, which is a distributed application architecture that partitions tasks or workloads among peers.
In summary, the functions of internet cannot be attributed to one particular element or source. It keeps developing and growing organically, providing more and more ways to link the virtual world.
So I hope it made some sense…or was helpful in someway…No? Well, it’s knowledge, so just take it and leave it at the back of your mind. May help someday.